Valuable Footwork Drills for Tennis Players – Improve Your Game

Valuable Footwork Drills for Tennis Players - Improve Your Game

If you’re into tennis and you’re looking for a few exercises, such as footwork drills, to up your game and get into the best form, we got you!

It’s no secret that tennis is not an easy sport—it requires a lot of determination, dedication, and hard work. That is why it probably comes as no surprise that doing a lot of exercises and practicing is essential if you want to get to the top and be the best.

No matter if you’re an amateur or a professional player, practicing is necessary. It is the only way to stay afloat and keep improving your tennis skills. With that being said, one of the most important exercises you can do are the ones that help you improve your footwork.

Wonder why? Because footwork is one of the biggest factors that play a role in how well you will perform and whether you’ll manage to claim your victory. If your footwork isn’t on point, it will dampen your performance and you won’t be able to react as quickly and efficiently as you would if you practiced it beforehand.

Luckily, there is no shortage of exercises you can do to improve your footwork and balance.

We are aware that spending hours or days trying to find the best footwork exercises seems like a waste of time when all you want is to get out there and start practicing. That is why we’re here to save you from unnecessary hassle!

We provide you with a list of the valuable footwork drills for tennis players that will help you learn all there is to know in a jiffy! We’ll also divide the info into two summarized lists of exercises that you can do at home and on the court. You can forget about wasting time and start practicing right away!

Top 5 Footwork Ladder Drills for Tennis Players

The easiest and most popular footwork drills you can do are the ones including agility ladders. These exercises are very efficient, and they help you improve not only your footwork, but also speed, coordination, balance, and stamina.

That is why practicing them as often as you can helps you dominate the court like a pro in record time! What is also great is that all you will need for these exercises is an agility ladder that is super inexpensive and you can find pretty much everywhere. Take a look at the list below to find 5 of the most efficient ladder drills to practice:

1. Ladder Run

Ladder Run

We’ll start off with the easiest ladder drill out there—the ladder run. This exercise will help you make your steps more accurate, sharper, and shorter, which will provide you with an easier time moving around on the court and reacting quickly.

But that is not all! If you want to get a good warm-up and prepare your body for a match, ladder runs are excellent for that. They will get the blood pump through your body and get you ready for the game in no time. Practicing ladder runs is also super simple—here’s what you need to do:

  1. Place your ladder on the ground
  2. Put one foot in each box
  3. Go to the end of the ladder by placing your feet in the boxes
  4. Turn around and come back to the starting point using the same method

You can repeat this exercise as many times as you want until you see improvement. To be more accurate, try placing your feet in the middle of the squares. It is also important to note that your feet should be in minimal contact with the ground, so try to be as quick and accurate as possible.

2. 2-Step Ladder Run

This next exercise is somewhat similar to the first one, but it is a bit more difficult. Nothing too crazy, but the 2-step ladder run will require a bit more focus and practice. This is how it works:

  1. Instead of one, put both feet in each box
  2. Go to the end of the ladder
  3. Come back using the same method
  4. Repeat

It goes without saying that repeating this exercise as many times as you can is not only possible but also desirable. This will help you mimic the small steps forward that you take on the court and, in that way, help you get ready for the next big match.

It’s also important to pay attention to how long your feet keep in contact with the ground and try to minimize it as much as possible. The point of this exercise is to make your footwork cleaner and faster.

3. Lateral Quick Steps

We’ll move on with lateral quick steps, which is an exercise that is equally as important as the previous ones. You will probably spend a lot of time running laterally on the court, and that is why this drill is precious and needs to be practiced. But don’t fret—it’s not difficult to do it at all. Here’s what you should do:

  1. Lay out the ladder on the floor in front of you
  2. Stand straight to one side of your ladder
  3. Step sideways into the first square
  4. Bring the other foot to the same position quickly
  5. Move the first leg out (to the other side of the ladder), then pick up your second leg from the square
  6. Perform this movement in the other direction as well, as you step into the next square

Note that this exercise should be done quickly, and you should spring lightly off the balls of your feet. Once you start seeing improvement on the court, you’ll be thankful that you practiced this exercise regularly!

4. The Shuffle

The Shuffle

The shuffle is an exercise that a lot of tennis players practice because it challenges your coordination, improves balance, and it helps with agility. Take a look at the list below to see the steps you should perform for this exercise:

  1. Stand on the left side of the ladder
  2. Put your right foot in first
  3. Now put your left foot in
  4. Now take your right foot out
  5. Take your left foot out
  6. Repeat the process the other way

The reason why this exercise is beneficial is that your brain and your muscles need to be perfectly coordinated when you’re on the court. Tennis is a tense game that requires you to have quick reflexes, so you usually don’t have enough time to think about what your next move should be and how to react.

This drill helps you practice coordinating your muscles and feet, so it is essential to do it as often as you can. You could even hold a racket when you’re practicing it and try to hit a shot at the end of every run.

5. In-and-Out

The final ladder drill we’re going to cover is the so-called in-and-out drill. This one is super easy to perform and it is quite enjoyable. It doesn’t take a lot of time and effort, so it is also excellent as a part of your warm-up routine. Here’s how it works:

  1. Put one foot in the square
  2. Now put the other foot in
  3. Take one foot out
  4. Now take the other foot out

Easy-peasy, right? The best part about this exercise is exactly that—it’s one of the easiest drills in the world, but it helps improve your footwork to a great extent!

Not only that, it will help you challenge coordination and precision when it comes to the placement of your feet, which will eventually become a muscle memory for you. You’ll step onto the court and know exactly what to do without having to think about it for a second.

Top 3 On-Court Footwork Drills for Tennis Players

Now that we covered the drills you can do with agility ladders any time you want, it’s time to go over footwork drills that you can do on the court.

There is a number of reasons why some players prefer to practice on the court instead of anywhere else, so without questioning them, we’re here to provide. Take a look at the list below to find the top 3 footwork drills you can practice on the court any time you want:

1. Spider Drills

Let’s begin with the spider drill, which is one of the best-known exercises in the tennis community. It’s fairly simple to practice and it is all about speed and precision. Let’s explain how to do it first:

  1. Put a tennis ball on the corners of the court, in the place where the baseline and singles line intersect
  2. Now place another two balls in the place where the service line and the singles line intersect
  3. After that, put one ball in the middle, exactly where the service line and the centerline intersect
  4. You need to grab each ball and take it back to the center point at the baseline (you can put it on a tennis racket)

This drill helps you pay attention to your speed and precision, as well as how quickly you can change directions and still manage to get the job done. The point is to get to every ball as quickly as possible and recover them to the baseline in the same manner.

Once you practice this drill enough and step onto the court for a real match, you will find yourself getting around the court much more easily and quickly, which will help you perform the best.

2. Tennis Z Ball

The next on-court exercise that you can practice is the tennis Z ball. This drill should be performed with two or more players. You and your partner will use the service boxes to do this one.

Tennis Z ball helps you practice your footwork but also improves speed, as well as endurance on the court. Here’s how the exercise is performed:

  1. Toss the Z-ball into your opponent’s service box using underhand throws
  2. Make sure that the ball bounces once in the service box before it gets caught
  3. Catch the ball before it bounces a second time
  4. Keep catching and tossing the ball underhand

This drill should be played until one of the players wins a tiebreak game to 7. If there are more than two players, you should practice the drill using table tennis rules.

That means that the players will alternate and keep doing so until the end. You can even use a tennis ball instead of a Z-ball if you want to make the exercise easier.

3. Running Lines

running the lines

We’ll conclude our list of exercises with running lines—an exercise that will help you ensure you got the stamina when it comes to your next big match. Although this one might not be as fun as the previous exercise, it is very useful and beneficial.

Not only does it help you work on your footwork, but it is also good for fitness since it helps you develop better endurance and improvement in speed. The running lines drill is not too demanding—here’s how it works:

  1. Begin on the outside tram line
  2. Touch the inside tram line prior to returning to touch the outside one
  3. Repeat these steps with the center line and the far tram lines

This exercise is very helpful when it comes to maintaining your energy throughout a match, so we suggest practicing it as often as possible for the best results. It’s no secret that every match requires a lot of energy, no matter what.


Although exercising is not everyone’s cup of tea, doing certain drills can definitely help you improve your skills and become the best at what you do. This especially applies to tennis, considering how difficult this sport can be if you’re underprepared.

Footwork drills are one of the best ways to get into the right shape and perfect not only your footwork, but also coordination, balance, speed, agility, and so much more! Remember that practice makes perfect and perform the quick and easy footwork drills we listed above regularly—you’ll start seeing results in record time!


Darinka Aleksic has been writing for Tennis Tips since its launch and has been an integral part of our team. Her role is to cover topics regarding everything tennis-related around the globe. From expert equipment reviews to exercise tips and tricks, she covers all the fields with a lot of attention to detail.

Her goal is to deliver top-notch tennis content and keep you up to date with everything in the modern tennis era while also reminding you about the game’s roots and history. Sports have always been a fundamental part of her life ever since she started playing tennis at the age of seven.

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